# The closure-complement-frontier problem in saturated polytopological spaces

## DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53733/151## Abstract

Let $X$ be a space equipped with $n$ topologies $\tau_1,\ldots,\tau_n$ which are pairwise comparable and saturated, and for each $1\leq i\leq n$ let $k_i$ and $f_i$ be the associated topological closure and frontier operators, respectively. Inspired by the closure-complement theorem of Kuratowski, we prove that the monoid of set operators $\mathcal{KF}_n$ generated by $\{k_i,f_i:1\leq i\leq n\}\cup\{c\}$ (where $c$ denotes the set complement operator) has cardinality no more than $2p(n)$ where $p(n)=\frac{5}{24}n^4+\frac{37}{12}n^3+\frac{79}{24}n^2+\frac{101}{12}n+2$. The bound is sharp in the following sense: for each $n$ there exists a saturated polytopological space $(X,\tau_1,...,\tau_n)$ and a subset $A\subseteq X$ such that repeated application of the operators $k_i, f_i, c$ to $A$ will yield exactly $2p(n)$ distinct sets. In particular, following the tradition for Kuratowski-type problems, we exhibit an explicit initial set in $\mathbb{R}$, equipped with the usual and Sorgenfrey topologies, which yields $2p(2)=120$ distinct sets under the action of the monoid $\mathcal{KF}_2$.

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## How to Cite

*New Zealand Journal of Mathematics*,

*51*, 3–27. https://doi.org/10.53733/151